Labels and Manuals


There are three predominant standards: ANSI Z535.4 (NEMA., SEMI S1, and Europe. The standards are
similar. US safety warning labels have four required elements:

  • Signal word: danger, warning, caution, and notice
  • Signal color: red, orange, yellow, and blue
  • Pictogram: an icon representation of the hazard
  • Context message: a brief description of the actual hazard

Labels for chemicals

In the US (before 2015), chemicals must comply with OSHA 1910.1200 which includes the RTK (right to know) HazCom label, the MSDS (material safety data sheet), a written hazard communication program, and appropriate training. An RTK HazCom label includes chemical identification, health hazard warnings (eg. PPE), and the effect on the body. In Canada, the label is called WHMIS (workplace hazardous material information system). In Europe, and in the US (beginning 2015), the label is called GHS (globally harmonized system) SDS (safety data sheet).

The global SDS has two differences compared to the MSDS: there are 16x elements and they are in a
specific order:

1. identification 9.physical properties
2. hazards 10. stability
3. composition 11. toxicological
4. first aid 12. ecological
5. fire fighting 13. disposal
6. clean-up 14. transportation
7. handling and storage 15. regulatory
8. protection 16. other information


Certifications for standards such as CE Mark and SEMI have manual requirements.
For example, according to several standard directives, manuals should be identified as:

  • Installation
  • Operation
  • Maintenance

Other designations should be avoided. That is just for the manual titles. We have abstracted more than 40 other compliance directives that allow manuals to conform to both CE Mark and SEMI standards.

We will review your manuals as part of an evaluation for a SEMI or CE Mark certification.

If you want to review, revise or write your manuals to conform to these standards, You can use a technical writer at John Simmons HyperText.